The frameworks have been used and tested in the private sector for more than a decade and more recently in some local authorities. Numerous case studies have shown that the framework offers better value year after year. Yes, provided that this is a typical recovery and that the goal is not to distort competition. Appeal contracts may be continued after the expiry of the respective framework agreement. The `new` EU Directive, the source of the 2015 Regulation, explicitly states in recital 62 that `while contracts based on a framework agreement are to be awarded before the end of the duration of the framework agreement itself, the duration of individual contracts based on a framework agreement need not necessarily coincide with the duration of that framework agreement – but may be shorter or longer, where applicable. In particular, it should be possible to determine the duration of individual contracts on the basis of a framework agreement, taking into account factors such as the time required for their execution, where the maintenance of equipment with an expected useful life of more than four years is included or where full training of staff is necessary for the performance of the contract. However, there is a general prohibition on the misuse or distortion of competition of framework agreements, which must be taken into account when determining the duration of an appeal contract. Framework agreements continue to play a central role in public procurement, including the possibility for boards to work together through central purchasing bodies. The rules remain largely the same as before, including the maximum duration of four years. This section describes some minor changes introduced by the new regulations that generally clarify and improve the functioning of framework agreements. A `framework agreement` means `an agreement between one or more contracting authorities and one or more economic operators the purpose of which is to lay down the conditions governing the contracts to be awarded during a given period, in particular as regards the price and, where appropriate, the quantity envisaged`. Describing efforts to reach an agreement between Israel and Palestine, Senator George J. Mitchell said, “For example, a board has a set of work that must be completed by a group of suppliers, contractors or service providers. Building a framework agreement will be an effective way to work without having to go through the bidding process every time.