Shimla Agreement: July 2, 1972Schil`s Ace: What is it? The Shimla Agreement was signed by then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto on July 2, 1972, after the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War that liberated East Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. The Shimla Agreement was a comprehensive plan to enable good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. In this context, India and Pakistan have decided to abandon past conflicts and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation among themselves. Shimla Agreement: Key Principles The Shimla Agreement includes a set of principles agreed upon by India and Pakistan that emphasize respect for each other`s sovereignty, territorial integrity, sovereign equality, non-interference in each other`s internal affairs, respect for each other`s political independence and unity, and rejection of hostile propaganda. The principles of the Shimla Agreement are as follows:- Mutual commitment to the peaceful resolution of all problems through direct bilateral approaches.- Build the basis for a cooperative relationship based on people-to-people contacts.- Maintain the inviolability of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir.Shimla Agreement: Key Features 1. India and Pakistan have decided to put an end to the conflict and confrontation that had strained their relations in the past and to work towards a friendly and harmonious relationship in order to create lasting peace on the subcontinent. 2. India and Pakistan have agreed that relations between the two countries will be governed by the principles of the Charter of the United Nations. 3.
The two countries have decided to settle their differences by peaceful means, bilateral means or other means mutually agreed upon by them. 4. India and Pakistan agreed to respect the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir without compromising the recognized position of both sides. They also agreed that neither will attempt to change it unilaterally, regardless of mutual differences and legal interpretations. 5. In addition, the two countries also agreed to refrain from using threats or force in violation of this line. Ratification of the Shimla AgreementThe Shimla Agreement has been ratified by India and Pakistan under their respective constitutional procedures. .